General circumstances among the emigrants

Available documents on this topic mostly indicate that apart from the richer and better organised part of the Yugoslav colony in Chile and few members of the elite made up of tradesmen and shipowners in Argentina, Brazil and other states, most Yugoslav emigrants before and after the establishment of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918 were poor, uneducated, unskilful and as such could hardly make a living in the new environment. They mostly worked in the fields, in mines and factories and were rarely small entrepreneurs and traders. The situation in Argentina was especially difficult, because most emigrants worked on farms and were scattered throughout this huge country, located very far away from the centres where state and honorary consulates were situated (Buenos Aires, Parana, Rosario Santa Fe). Upon arriving they were frequently the victims of different local employment agents and revolutionary developments – in a situation where there were no state representatives in the vicinity (Chile, Brazil, etc.). In these circumstances, separatist propaganda found a favourable ground for its operation. The efforts of Yugoslav state representations and social security institutions (Emigration mission, correspondents of the Ministry of Social Policy, Yugoslav Emigration Protection) solved just part of the vital problems of the emigrants. Sometimes emigrants themselves, hit by the difficult economic crisis in Argentina and Uruguay, requested that emigration to these countries be halted. The statistics on the number of emigrants throughout South America is not quite reliable (a total of about 150,000, out of which about 100,000 in Argentina, about 7,000 in Uruguay, etc.). By providing social and economic assistance, but also through educational, cultural and political propaganda, as it will be seen from the other parts of this exhibition, the Yugoslav representation tried to consolidate the ties between the emigrants and the country of their origin.






The general state of the Yugoslav colony in Uruguay – report of the Honorary Consulate in Montevideo (1932)

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The state and importance of the Yugoslav colony in Chile

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The general state of the Yugoslav colony in in Argentina – colony Santa Fe (town Rosario) (1937)

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Problems of the Yugoslav colony in Sao Paolo (Brazil) during the 1924 revolution and non-existence of an official representation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in the country

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Yugoslav state and emigration in South America 1921-1945

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