On the occasion of the centennial of the start of the First World War (1914-2014) the Archives of Yugoslavia staged exhibition of archival documents Young Bosnia and Assassination in Sarajevo prepared by the Archives of the Republic of Srpska. Author of the exhibition and the catalogue is Assistant Director of the Archives of the Republic of Srpska, Bojan Stojnić
At the opening of the exhibition in the presence of numerous guests, representatives of diplomatic corps in the Republic of Serbia (ambassador of Algeria, Argentina, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, India, Indonesia, Canada, Kuba, USA, and Spain) representatives of scientific and cultural establishment, Miladin Milošević, Acting Director of the Archives of Yugoslavia greeted the gathering. He pointed out that he is very pleased with the fact that in the year when the whole world commemorates the Centenary of the World War I, the Archives of Yugoslavia is a host of the exhibition Young Bosnia and Assassination in Sarajevo treating one always actual theme.
After Miladin Milošević, present quests were greeted by Tomislav Nikolić, President of the Republic of Serbia. In his speech, he mentioned historical genesis of events that preceded establishment of Young Bosnia, its activities and he analyzed the act of Gavrilo Princip, pointing out that that it couldn’t be understood differently but as defense of his country, counterattack against the symbol of the monarchy that had taken away the freedom of his country. He stressed that "…That assassination shouldn’t be taken out from historical context of any kind – from ideological, philosophical, historical, general conditions in Europe, - to the fact that there was no freedom, that was state of total humiliation, suppression of national identity, symbols, suppression of educational institutions, culture, life was burdened with endurable taxes, horrible terror imposed upon citizens especially intellectuals and scholars. Finally, the decision of the Monarchy came as provocation, ruthlessness or insult, demonstrating power and strength over citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Austro Hungarian Heir showed it by choosing the date of his visit to Sarajevo to watch maneuvers – on Vidov Dan…"
Opening the exhibition Nebojša Radmanović, member of the Bosnia-Herzegovina Presidency, pointed out that small group of people in 1914 was tied with Banjaluka, Belgrade and Sarajevo and that that event had sometimes positive and sometimes negative connotation with those cities. "Group of people had been always offended by those who wanted to exercise power over territories that were not their own and those who defended their land and wanted to be free on their territory".
The exhibition Young Bosnia and Assassination in Sarajevo is divided into five thematic units: Young Bosnia, Conspirators and Perpetrators of Sarajevo Assassination, Sarajevo Assassination, July Crisis of 1914, Suffering of the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina where 249 documents and photos are telling story about the assassination of Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by the "Young Bosnia" on June 28,1914, that was the event that has been attracting the interest not only historians and publicist but also the public over the hundred years.
U mnoštvu značajnih dokumenata posetioci imaju priliku da vide i članak Vladimira Gaćinovića "Mlada Bosna", koji je izašao 1911. u Kalendaru "Prosvjete" u vreme kada je taj pokret tek počinjao i bio daleko od značaja koji je kasnije dobio. Izložen je i članak Borivoja Jevtića, takođe omladinca, objavljen pod istim naslovom u "Bosanskoj vili" dve godine kasnije, a odnosi se na ondašnje mlade bosanske književnike.
Among numerous significant documents, visitors can find article by Vladimir Gaćinović "Young Bosnia" published in 1911 in Calendar "Prosvjeta" at the time when this movement was at the begging and was far away from the meaning that had acquainted later. The article of Borivoje Jevtić, young man, was published under the same title in "Bosanska vila", two years later and it deals with young Bosnia writers.
In the second unit Conspirators and Perpetrators of Sarajevo Assassination, "the father of Young Bosnia", Vladimir Gaćinović is emphasized. Tin Ujević commented on his thoughts from one article as thoughts of "horrification of war".
Important data and interesting historical facts can be found in item July Crisis of 1914 that was caused by switching over responsibility for assassination to the Serbian government and ultimatum that was imposed by Austro-Hungary, as well as in item Suffering of Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The exhibition will be open weekdays from 9 a.m. till 4 p.m. until 15 October 2014.